The Coral Symbiomics Lab
Red Sea Research Center
Division of Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering

People

Sebastian Schmidt-Roach

Postdoctoral Fellows

Introduction

My interest in coral reef research sparked during my studies and first field research in the beautiful Caribbean Islands of Trinidad and Tobago in 2005. I was impressed by the vast diversity of marine life found in coral reefs (and the lack of biting insects that I experienced exploring the rainforests of the Islands). With great passion, I continued my research in the heart of coral diversity, the Coral Triangle. In Indonesia I investigated methods for the early detection of coral recruitment during my Diploma thesis.

 

In 2009 I moved to Australia to explore the Great Barrier Reef. My PhD thesis, entitled “The ecological and evolutionary significance of reproductive traits in corals”, was carried out at the Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS), Townsville, and the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS), Hobart. My PhD research expanded our current understanding of species boundaries, reproductive divergences and phenotypic traits in corals and prompted a paradigm shift regarding the species status and distribution of one of the most extensively studied coral species, Pocillopora damicornis.

 

After my PhD I continued my research at the University of Tasmania until I took up a postdoctoral position in 2015 at the University of Oldenburg in the Gerlach Lab. In Oldenburg I shifted my research interest towards ecophysiology. I  examined the acclimation and adaptation potential of a coral model species, the sea anemone Exaiptasia pallida, to future temperature scenarios using a variety of physiological parameters. I joined the Aranda Lab at KAUST in April 2017 to compliment this research with a deeper genomic and epigenetic understanding.​ 

Research Interests

​​My questions are evolutionary and ecologically driven with a particular interest in how processes like acclimation and phenotypic plasticity affect or influence mechanisms of genetic adaptation under environmental change in marine organisms. I use the sea anemone Aiptasia pallida and the brain coral Platygyra daedalea to examine these questions.

Photo: Sebastian Schmidt-Roach

Saudi Arabia’s unique geographical position between two desert seas, the Red Sea in the west and the Arabian/Persian Gulf in the East, allows us access to some of the warmest coral reefs in the world. While corals in the Northern Red Sea experience summer maximum temperatures around 27°C, the Southern Red Sea is regularly exceeding 32°C summer maximum temperature. In addition, Saudi Arabian waters of the Arabian/Persian Gulf are known to exceed 34°C summer maximum, granting us access to one of the hottest places for coral reefs in the world.

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Photo: Susann Rossbach


With a Red Sea coastline that is about 2000 km long, we can access locations along a vast temperature gradient and study populations that inhibit different environments. Our aim is to understand the thermal tolerance of different coral populations and its genomic drivers along the latitudinal gradient. To tackle these questions, we are currently conducting a set of common garden experiments. Understanding the unique thermal tolerance of Arabian corals may allow us to find strategies that help to prepare other populations for the predicted temperature changes associated to the ongoing rapid climate change.                                    

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Photo: Susann Rossbach​


Selected Publications

​​•          EC Johnston, ZH Forsman, JF Flot, S Schmidt-Roach, JH Pinzón, Ingrid SS Knapp, Robert J Toonen (2017) A genomic glance through the fog of plasticity and diversification in Pocillopora Scientific Reports 7
•          AME Noreen, S Schmidt-Roach, PL Harrison, MJH van Oppen (2015) Diverse associations among coral host haplotypes and algal endosymbionts may drive adaptation at geographically peripheral and ecologically marginal locations. Journal of Biogeography 42 (9), 1639-1650​

•          S Schmidt-Roach, KJ Miller, P Lundgren, N Andreakis (2014) With eyes wide open: a revision of species within and closely related to the Pocillopora damicornis species complex (Scleractinia; Pocilloporidae) using morphology and genetics. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 170 (1), 1–33

•          S Schmidt-Roach, P Lundgren, KJ Miller, G Gerlach, AME Noreen, N Andreakis. (2013) Assessing hidden species diversity in the coral Pocillopora damicornis from Eastern Australia. Coral Reefs 32 (1), 161-172​

•          S Schmidt-Roach, KJ Miller, E Woolsey, G Gerlach, AH Baird (2012) Broadcast spawning by Pocillopora species on the Great Barrier Reef. PLoS One 7 (12), e50847


Education

​​2001-2003 Undergraduate Studies at the University of Bielefeld, Germany
2005 Postgraduate studies at the University of the West Indies (UWI), St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
2003-2008 German Diplom at Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, Germany
2009-2013 PhD at the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies at University of Tasmania (UTas), Hobart, and the Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS) Townsville, Australia

Awards

 Vicki Harriott Memorial Student Prize (1st Prize), ACRS conference 2010